This topic is perhaps a little outside the normal scope of my blog, but I read a very good article last week in the International Science Grid This Week (ISGTW). The article honored the June birthdays of two computer science giants, Alan Turing and Konrad Zuse, and presents a concise biography of each. The tragic story of Turing and his eventual suicide is well known.
Zuse is far less famous than Turing. His breakthroughs, deemed “unimportant by the Nazis, included building the Z3 computer, which could do floating-point math (crucial for engineering purposes) and which worked in binary. You can learn more about him here.